Essential Oils For Anxiety

Angela Sheddan

Reviewed by Angela Sheddan, FNP

Written by Our Editorial Team

Published 01/19/2022

Updated 01/20/2022

Have you ever walked into a cute little boutique, where the perfume of a burning candle made you feel the cozy comfort of home? Or had a massage where the scent of the oil relaxed not only your muscles, but your mind, too? 

That’s because our sense of smell plays an important role in the physiological effect of mood and stress. Studies have shown that olfactory stimulation (that’s a fancy way of saying when we smell something) can relate to those physical changes.

In other words, certain aromas may make you feel relaxed (and ease feelings of stress), or even spur memories that can make you feel happy. (So it would seem that pleasant scents might be nice when experiencing anxiety or symptoms of depression.)

Humans have actually used aromas for mental, spiritual and physical healing since the beginning of recorded history. So it’s no wonder that essential oils may be a useful tool in managing feelings of anxiety

Read on to learn more about essential oils, and how they can potentially help alleviate anxiety.

What Are Essential Oils? 

Essential oils consist of concentrated plant extracts. These oils are created through mechanical pressing or distillation and keep the natural smell of the original source. 

A lot of plants or flowers are needed to make essential oils. For example, just one pound of lavender oil takes about 220 pounds of lavender flowers!

There are also synthetic oils — which would smell like the real thing, but are made from chemicals, not plants. These are not considered true “essential oils.” 

Using Essential Oils for Anxiety 

There are several different ways to use essential oils: They can be applied topically, ingested orally or inhaled via aromatherapy. However, because essential oils are so concentrated and strong, it’s best to only use a small amount. Additionally, do not use them too often. 

It’s also recommended that essential oils should be diluted, and direct contact should be avoided. As with any new ingredient you might use on your skin, it’s wise to test a teeny sample somewhere like the inside of your arm to check for an allergic reaction.

Here’s more on how essential oils may be used:

Topical Application: 

This method is just as it sounds — applying essential oils to your skin either as a small drop or in the form of aromatherapy massage.

However, it’s important to remember to dilute the oils first. Mix them with a carrier oil (like a massage oil), or else skin irritation can occur. (One example of a carrier oil would be jojoba oil.)

online mental health assessment

your mental health journey starts here

Orally — Only If Professionally Directed and Supervised: 

While some essential oils can be ingested (like in a tea, for instance), it’s strongly recommended NOT to do this unless directed by a trained herbalist.

Essential oils are so strong, even just a little bit can burn the mucosal lining in your mouth. 

Some essential oils may be toxic, too, and symptoms similar to poisoning (like seizures, drowsiness and/or vomiting) may appear as quickly as within 30 minutes or as far out as four hours after ingestion. 

Inhalation Aromatherapy: 

This method is probably the safest and most effective way to use essential oils for anxiety. When essential oils are inhaled, scent molecules go straight from the olfactory nerves to the emotional center of the brain.

And because of this direct response, certain smells can almost immediately reduce stress and anxiety levels.

Kind of makes us want to take a deep breath and say, “Ahhh.” One super-easy way to put aromatherapy into effect is to simply open the bottle and inhale.  

But there are also other aromatherapy techniques, such as using an essential oil diffuser (a device that disperses particles around a room), dry evaporation (simply place a few drops on a cotton ball), and steam inhalation (put a few drops in a bowl of steaming hot water, and breathe it in).

Types of Essential Oils for Anxiety

Anxiety may cause the human body to react in all sorts of ways. For example, the heart may start beating quickly, palms can get sweaty, you may feel chest pain, or you may even feel like you are choking. 

However, studies have shown that certain essential oils may counteract common anxiety symptoms. 

These are the best essential oils when it comes to managing stress and anxiety

Lavender Essential Oil

For centuries, the scent from lavender flowers has been used to reduce anxiety and depression, and it is still a popular aromatherapy choice for stress management today. 

In fact, there is growing evidence that lavender oil has beneficial effects. Interestingly, though, it’s still unclear how exactly lavender oil inhalation works to decrease anxiety.

Bergamot Essential Oil

If you’ve never seen or smelled bergamot, picture what a fruit would look and smell like if a sour orange and a lime had a baby. The essential oil is produced by rasping and cold pressing the citrus fruit’s peel. 

While this citrusy scent is most commonly used in perfumes and cosmetics, bergamot essential oil has recently received renewed popularity in improving mood, and easing mild symptoms of stress-induced disorders, and anxiety.   

Damask Rose (Rosa Damascena) Essential Oil

Since ancient times, this native Iranian plant has been used to improve physical and mental health. It is said that aromatherapy with damask rose can help decrease anxiety and improve sleep conditions.

A recent study of 80 operating-room personnel experiencing the stress of the Covid-19 epidemic put damask rose essential oil to the test.

The study found that the OR personnel who inhaled the essential oil in the morning and then slept with a scented cloth by their pillow, had decreased anxiety and better sleep quality when compared to those who received the placebo in the study.

Chamomile Essential Oil

Chamomile is thought to be one of the most ancient medicinal herbs known to mankind. And chamomile oil, which is extracted from the flowers or leaves of the daisy-like plants, is thought to have soothing properties. 

In fact, a 2019 study showed that chamomile significantly improved the symptoms of general anxiety disorder (GAD) after two to four weeks of treatment, although the sample size was low and there seemed to be some mixed results.

Essential Oils in Action

Essential oils have been used for medicinal purposes since ancient times, and they seem to be here to stay. Lavender, bergamot, damask rose, and chamomile scents are all thought to help relieve the symptoms of anxiety, but the methodology behind why some aromas have this effect is often unclear. However, studies do show that scents can cause some physiological changes.    

Heads up: As noted above, when working with essential oils, always use caution, as they are super concentrated and can be toxic. The best way to enjoy them is to simply take a whiff — and relax. 

psych meds online

psychiatrist-backed care, all from your couch

See a Professional If You Need More Help

While keeping some essential oils for anxiety on hand to help you feel calm can be useful, it is important to get professional help if your feelings of anxiety continue or worsen. 

Our online mental health services can connect you with a provider who will assess your needs and provide you with solutions tailored to you, such as anxiety treatment online.

16 Sources

Hims & Hers has strict sourcing guidelines to ensure our content is accurate and current. We rely on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We strive to use primary sources and refrain from using tertiary references.

  1. Sowndhararajan, K., & Kim, S. (2016). Influence of Fragrances on Human Psychophysiological Activity: With Special Reference to Human Electroencephalographic Response. Scientia pharmaceutica, 84(4), 724–751.
  2. Aromatherapy: Do Essential Oils Really Work? (n.d.). Johns Hopkins Medicine. Retrieved from
  3. Essential Oils. (n.d.). National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Retreived from
  4. Essential Oils 101: Do They Work + How Do You Use Them? (2020, December 8). Cleveland Clinic Health Essentials. Retrieved from
  5. Anxiety Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatments. (2020, December 17). Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved from
  6. Hongratanaworakit, T. Physiological effects in aromatherapy Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., 2004, 26(1) : 117-125 retrieved from
  7. Appleton, J. (n.d.). Lavender Oil for Anxiety and Depression. Natural Medicine Journal. Retrieved from
  8. Chamine, I., & Oken, B. S. (2016). Aroma Effects on Physiologic and Cognitive Function Following Acute Stress: A Mechanism Investigation. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.), 22(9), 713–721.
  9. Wilkinson, S. M., Love, S. B., Westcombe, A. M., Gambles, M. A., Burgess, C. C., Cargill, A., Young, T., Maher, E. J., & Ramirez, A. J. (2007). Effectiveness of aromatherapy massage in the management of anxiety and depression in patients with cancer: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 25(5), 532–539.
  10. Navarra, M., Mannucci, C., Delbò, M., & Calapai, G. (2015). Citrus bergamia essential oil: from basic research to clinical application. Frontiers in pharmacology, 6, 36.
  11. Mileva, M., Ilieva, Y., Jovtchev, G., Gateva, S., Zaharieva, M. M., Georgieva, A., Dimitrova, L., Dobreva, A., Angelova, T., Vilhelmova-Ilieva, N., Valcheva, V., & Najdenski, H. (2021). Rose Flowers-A Delicate Perfume or a Natural Healer?. Biomolecules, 11(1), 127.
  12. Mahdood, B., Imani, B., & Khazaei, S. (2021). Effects of inhalation aromatherapy with Rosa damascena (Damask rose) on the state anxiety and sleep quality of operating room personnel during the COVID-19 pandemic: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, Advance online publication.
  13. Chamomile. (2017). In LiverTox: Clinical and Research Information on Drug-Induced Liver Injury. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
  14. Srivastava, J. K., Shankar, E., & Gupta, S. (2010). Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with bright future. Molecular medicine reports, 3(6), 895–901.
  15. Hieu, T. H., Dibas, M., Surya Dila, K. A., Sherif, N. A., Hashmi, M. U., Mahmoud, M., Trang, N., Abdullah, L., Nghia, T., Y, M. N., Hirayama, K., & Huy, N. T. (2019). Therapeutic efficacy and safety of chamomile for state anxiety, generalized anxiety disorder, insomnia, and sleep quality: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials and quasi-randomized trials. Phytotherapy research : PTR, 33(6), 1604–1615.
  16. Essential oils – Health warning. (n.d.). HealthyWA. Retrieved from

This article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute medical advice. The information contained herein is not a substitute for and should never be relied upon for professional medical advice. Always talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of any treatment. Learn more about our editorial standards here.

Angela Sheddan, FNP
Angela Sheddan, FNP

Dr. Angela Sheddan has been a Family Nurse Practitioner since 2005, practicing in community, urgent and retail health capacities. She has also worked in an operational capacity as an educator for clinical operations for retail clinics. 

She received her undergraduate degree from the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, her master’s from the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, and her Doctor of Nursing Practice from the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. You can find Angela on LinkedIn for more information.

Read more

Care for your mind,
care for your self

Start your mental wellness journey today.