Search online for natural treatments for acne and you’ll come across countless different options, from essential oils to manuka honey, apple cider vinegar and others.
One widely promoted natural treatment for acne is turmeric -- a plant-based spice that’s used in traditional East Asian and Indian medicine.
Although research has shown that turmeric may have antimicrobial properties that could help to treat certain types of acne, there isn’t much research on its effectiveness as a natural treatment for acne breakouts.
Below, we’ve explained what turmeric is, as well as how it may be useful for treating some types of acne. We’ve also looked at the possible side effects you might experience if you use turmeric to treat and control acne breakouts.
Finally, we’ve looked at safe, science-based treatments that you can use to treat acne and keep your skin clear.
Turmeric is a plant in the ginger family. It’s native to Southeast Asia and has a long history as an ingredient in traditional East Asian and South Asian medicine.
Historically, turmeric has been used as a natural treatment for diseases and disorders that affect the respiratory system, digestive system, skin and joints.
These days, turmeric is often used as a spice in many Asian and Indian dishes. It’s an important ingredient in curries, mustards and other foods thanks to its warm, bitter flavor and eye-catching yellow color.
Turmeric is widely available as a dietary supplement. It’s often promoted as a natural treatment for arthritis, allergies, depression, digestive and respiratory issues, liver disease and a range of other conditions.
While some of turmeric’s benefits are supported by science, others aren’t, making it important to understand how turmeric works before viewing it as a potential treatment for ailments.
In order to control acne effectively, it’s important to understand the basic process through which whiteheads, blackheads and other forms of acne develop.
Acne develops when your hair follicles, or pores, become clogged with sebum and/or dead skin cells.
Sebum is a natural oil that’s produced by your skin. It’s secreted by your sebaceous glands and plays a major role in locking in moisture and protecting your skin from injury and infection.
Normally, your sebaceous glands secrete just enough sebum to keep your skin moist, protected and healthy. However, certain factors can increase your sebum production, causing your skin to become overly oily.
Common causes of excessive sebum production include hormonal fluctuations, exposure to too much sunlight, tight clothing, genetic factors and use of medications like lithium or steroids.
We’ve talked more about these, as well as what you can do to manage them, in our guide to the causes of acne.
When your sebaceous glands secrete too much sebum, the excess oil can build up on your skin and clog your hair follicles, causing acne.
At the same time, several other factors can also contribute to acne. For example, dead cells left behind by your skin’s epidermal turnover process can slowly build up on the surface of your skin and mix with sebum to clog your hair follicles.
Artificial oil from skin care and hair styling products can also make its way into your hair follicles and contribute to blockages.
Finally, bacteria such as Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) can multiply inside the hair follicle, causing acne to become infected, inflamed and painful.
All treatments for acne, whether natural or artificial, work by targeting one of the root causes of acne. This could mean:
We’ve talked more about this process and treatment options in our full guide to science-based treatments for acne.
Although research into turmeric’s effects on acne is limited, several studies have looked at the potential effects of turmeric on general skin health and wellbeing.
One scientific review published in 2016 analyzed the possible effects of oral and topical turmeric on skin health.
The researchers looked at data from 18 studies of turmeric and curcumin products. In 10 of the studies, the turmeric/curcumin products produced a statistically significant improvement in skin disease severity when compared to non-therapeutic placebo treatments.
A different scientific review published in 2019 concluded that curcumin, a compound isolated from tumeric, may represent a low-cost, well-tolerated, effective treatment for some skin diseases.
The effects of turmeric on skin health may be due to the presence of curcumin, a natural type of polyphenol. Curcumin, which is known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits, is found in turmeric in large quantities.
In fact, curcumin alone accounts for approximately 90 percent of the overall curcuminoid content of turmeric.
Research has shown that curcumin may be effective at controlling the growth of certain forms of bacteria, including the bacteria that can contribute to acne breakouts.
For example, a study published in the Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology found that a combination of curcumin and blue light therapy reduced the viability of the acne-related bacteria P. acnes.
However, it also noted that curcumin on its own, without the blue light therapy, did not appear to be toxic to the P. acnes bacteria.
In short, although there’s some evidence that turmeric may be helpful for treating skin diseases, there’s currently no research that shows that it’s directly effective against acne.
As such, it’s best to think of it as a “maybe” when it comes to acne. While it might be effective at preventing breakouts and controlling acne, we just don’t know for sure yet.
As a health supplement, turmeric is safe for most people. However, using too much turmeric can cause certain side effects, such as:
Some research suggests that curcumin, which is found in turmeric, may cause allergic reactions such as contact dermatitis when it’s applied topically.
If you’re allergic to turmeric, you may notice itchy skin, rash, dryness, hives, blisters and feelings of burning or stinging.
Turmeric is known to inhibit iron absorption by 20 percent to as much as 90 percent. If you take a large dose of turmeric over the course of several days or weeks, your body may not be able to absorb the iron in food.
This can lead to iron deficiency, causing you to feel fatigued, weak and dizzy. You may develop a headache, low body temperature or pale, sallow skin.
If you experience any symptoms of iron deficiency after using turmeric, contact your healthcare provider for assistance.
Finally, the curcumin in turmeric may interact with certain medications, including blood thinning medications such as warfarin.
Make sure to talk to your healthcare provider if you use any prescription medications, especially anticoagulants (blood thinners), before you use turmeric.
Overall, the evidence that turmeric treats acne is interesting but far from comprehensive. While some studies show that the curcumin in turmeric may help to treat skin diseases, the amount of research that’s available is very limited at this point in time.
However, several science-based, proven treatments for acne are available, including affordable and readily available over-the-counter products that you can find in your local drugstore.
If you’re prone to acne breakouts, you may want to consider treating your acne using one of the following options:
If you have moderate to severe acne, or if you get persistent breakouts that don’t improve with over-the-counter products, it’s best to talk to a healthcare provider about using FDA-approved medication to treat your acne.
Several safe, effective prescription medications are available to treat and prevent acne. Your options include:
While some studies have found that turmeric may help to control the bacteria that cause some skin diseases, there’s no scientific evidence to show that it treats or prevents acne directly.
As such, it’s best to think of turmeric as a “maybe” when it comes to treating acne. While it may be helpful for your skin, we just don’t know yet whether or not it’s truly effective at getting rid of acne lesions or preventing breakouts.
If you have acne, the best option is to talk to a licensed healthcare provider. They can help you to choose an effective treatment based on the severity of your acne, your skin type and a range of other factors.