How to Get Rid of Zits

    Waking up to find a new pimple can be seriously depressing, especially if it’s a problem you’ve been struggling with. 

    Once you get over that “ugh” feeling, your next thought is likely that you have to get rid of it. 

    But is it possible to get rid of zits fast? Well, maybe. If you’re armed with the right info, you may be able to banish that blemish. Read on to learn more about what causes them and how you can get rid of zits quickly. 

    Why Zits Happen

    Pimples pop up when a combination of sebum and dead skin cells build up and cause a blockage in your pores and hair follicles.

    Se-what? Sebum. It’s an oil-like substance that is produced by your sebaceous glands to lubricate your skin and hair. 

    It also helps protect your skin from bacteria and other potentially harmful substances in the environment.

    But sometimes, an excess of sebum is produced.

    So, what causes excess sebum? A variety of things. Hormone imbalances, such as the ones that occur during your period, can play a role. 

    Genetic factors can also lead to acne breakouts. And environmental factors, like overwashing your skin or working out a lot, can also lead to breakouts.

    Another culprit is dead skin cells. Naturally, your body sheds dead skin cells every 40 to 56 days as part of its process to renew and replace skin (also called epidermal turnover). 

    When these dead skin cells mix with excess sebum, they can contribute to blocked pores and breakouts. 

    Using certain skincare or cosmetic products that contain oil may also make you more prone to clogged pores and cystic acne

    Other lifestyle choices that can up your odds of zits include smoking, sleeping with makeup on and more.

    Getting Rid of Zits

    The good news: pimples may be ugly beasts, but they can be tamed. 

    In fact, there are a number of effective strategies you can employ to get rid of your acne as quickly as possible. Review them below: 

    Topical Treatments

    Perhaps the most popular way of treating zits, topical treatments are dabbed on and work by penetrating the zit to clear it up. The most common types of acne spot treatments are: 

    • Benzoyl Peroxide: Removes dead skin cells that may be clogging pores and kills bacteria that causes breakouts. This acne spot treatment can be irritating to the affected skin, so, use with caution.
    • Salicylic Acid: Reduces swelling and, like benzoyl peroxide, removes dead skin cells to allow the zit to clear up.
    • Retinoids: Unclog pores by preventing dead skin cells from building up and increasing the rate at which your skin cells regenerate.
    • Tretinoin: This prescription encourages your skin to shed dead skin cells that cause breakouts.
    • Clindamycin: A prescription antibiotic, clindamycin for treating acne stops bacteria from multiplying. 
    • Azelaic Acid: Kills bacteria to clear up a zit.

    Alone, these ingredients can go a long way towards getting rid of a zit. Combine a few of these together and a topical can pack an even stronger punch. 

    Benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid are often combined. In fact, Hers has a prescription acne cream that contains clindamycin, tretinoin and azelaic acid to get rid of dead skin cells, reduce inflammation and go after bacteria. 

    Oral Medication

    Sometimes, a healthcare professional may prescribe an oral medication to help you with recurring breakouts and zits. 

    Birth control pills and Isotretinoin are two of the most common. The FDA has approved a handful of combined oral contraceptives for use in acne treatment, which work by lowering your levels of acne-causing hormones (like testosterone) and reducing sebum production.  

    Isotretinoin also works by reducing sebum production, along with preventing dead skin cells from building up and clogging pores.

    In addition to these, oral antibiotics are also sometimes prescribed, as they can also prevent bacteria from multiplying.

    Light Therapy

    Do some damage control with red or blue light therapy for acne. Offered through in-office treatments or via at-home devices, this type of treatment may help get rid of pimples. 

    Red light therapy soothes inflammation and repairs tissue damage caused by acne. Blue light therapy kills the bacteria that causes acne and may also reduce inflammation.

    Natural Remedies

    There are a variety of natural remedies that may also work to get rid of zits — like tea tree oil, for example.

    One small study performed on 60 people with mild to moderate acne found that applying a 5% tea tree oil gel was at least 3.55 times more effective at reducing acne lesions than a placebo.

    In addition to tea tree oil, green tea may also help. Green tea is high in the antioxidant epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), which research indicates fights inflammation and reduces sebum production and prevents the growth of P. acnes in people with acne-prone skin.

    Lemongrass, cinnamon, clove, lavender and rose essential oils have also been shown to fight acne. Research has found these oils fight acne-causing bacteria S. epidermidis and P. acne.

    Of course, with all essential oils, it’s important to note that the research here is still developing. So, don’t take it as gospel. 

    Luckily, the side effect profiles of most essential oils are generally low, so if they’re something you’re interested in trying, it may not help anything, but it also generally won’t hurt anything, either.

    Avoid Popping Your Zits

    One thing you definitely don’t ever want to do is pop your zit. We get it, you want that zit gone — but popping is a no go. 

    When you squeeze a zit, you may get some gunk out. However, the danger is that you can also push bacteria deeper. 

    According to the American Academy of Dermatology, this can lead to worse acne, an infection or even scarring.

    You also run the risk of spreading that bacteria to other pores and turning that one small zit into a real problem area. 

    So, what do you do if you really need to pop a pimple? Visit a dermatology professional. They are trained to do it. 

    Beyond extractions, a dermatology professional can also do things like give you a corticosteroid injection to expedite healing.

    Getting Rid of Your Zits

    No doubt, zits can be frustrating. But knowing there are science-backed ways to get rid of them should make you feel better.

    To avoid suffering, speak with a licensed provider to figure out what acne treatment may be best for you. From tea tree oil to oral medication, there are plenty of options.

    This article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute medical advice. The information contained herein is not a substitute for and should never be relied upon for professional medical advice. Always talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of any treatment.